Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (2023)

Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (1)
Liturgical Season 2020:

January 13 to February 25, 2020: Ordinary Time
26 February to 31 May 2020: Lent, Triduum, Holy Week
June 1 to November 28, 2020 – Standard Time
November 29, 2020 – January 10, 2021 – Advent, Christmas

Sundays (also Epiphany, Palm Sunday, Easter Sunday, Pentecost, etc.) are always obligatory days or obligatory saints!

(Video) The Liturgical Year of the Roman Catholic Church 5 - Solemnity and Feast Days

To grow in faith and holiness, in addition to the obligatory Sunday masses and feasts, discover the richness and beauty contained in the Churchchurch liturgical calendar🇧🇷 These holy days and celebrations are a great place to enrich your spiritual life! So that you don't forget these celebrations, mark the dates on your calendar now and you'll be ready for the whole year!

2020 Mandatory holidays are indicated inItalic.

Wednesday, January 1, 2020 – Solemnity of Mary, Holy Mother of God,holy day of duty
Sunday, January 5, 2020 - Solemnity of the Epiphany of the Lord
Sunday, January 12, 2020 - The Baptism of the Lord

Wednesday, February 26, 2020 – Ash Wednesday
It is a common misconception that Ash Wednesday is a holy day of duty. However, it is a great way to start Lent!
Thursday, March 19, 2020 - Solemnity of Saint Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - Solemnity of the Annunciation of the Lord

Sunday, April 5, 2020 - Palm Sunday of the Lord's Passion
Thursday, April 9, 2020 – Maundy Thursday
Friday, April 10, 2020 – Good Friday
Saturday, April 11, 2020 – Holy Saturday
Sunday, April 12, 2020 - Easter Sunday of the Lord's Resurrection
Sunday, April 19, 2020 – Divine Mercy Sunday

(Video) 3 Types of Catholic Feast Days: Solemnities, Feasts, and Memorials

Thursday, May 21, 2020 - Ascension of the Lord or Sunday, May 24, 2020 - Ascension of the Lord (mandatory day)In several ecclesiastical provinces, Ascension Day is celebrated on Thursday. The solemnity will be celebrated in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles next Sunday. Check with a local church or diocese when traveling if unsure.

Sunday, May 31, 2020 – Pentecost
Sunday, June 7, 2020 - Solemnity of the Holy Trinity
Sunday, June 14, 2020 – Solemnity of the Blessed Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus Christi)
Friday, June 19, 2020 - Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - Solemnity of the Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
Monday, June 29, 2020 - Solemnity of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
Saturday, August 15, 2020 – Solemnity of the Assumption,holy day of duty

Sunday, November 1, 2020 – All Saints Day,holy day of duty
Monday, November 2, 2020 - Commemoration of All Departed Believers (All Souls' Day)
Sunday, November 22, 2020 – Solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe (Christ the King)

Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Normally a mandatory holy day, but not in 2019. The USCCB states: “Since December 8, 2019 is the second Sunday of Advent, the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary is moved to Monday, December 9 de 2019. However, the obligation to visit the fair is not transferred.”
Friday, December 25, 2020 – Nativity of the Lord (Christmas), Holy Commitment DayClick here for more information

More information on obligatory feasts, solemnities and celebrations

Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (2)“The Church interrupts the liturgical year by celebrating various important events for the mystery of our salvation. During the liturgical year, the Church celebrates the entire mystery of Christ, from His Incarnation and Birth, through His Ascension to Pentecost and founding of the Church, and finally, the Second Coming of Christ at Judgment on the Feast of Christ the King. Especially on Sundays we celebrate the Resurrection, when our Lord triumphed over sin and death. In a special way, the Church also honors Our Lady, who appreciates these special events of her participation in the mystery of salvation. Finally, the Church also commemorates the days of memory of the saints, who with their lives remind the faithful of the call to holiness - Saints' Days, with few exceptions on the day of the saint's death, his birth into eternal life.

(Video) The liturgical year of the Roman Catholic Church 1 - Introduction

Technically, the divisions are as follows:

Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (3)celebrationsThey are the most important festivals. Each Solemnity begins the night before with First Vespers (afternoon prayer) and some of the Solemnities have their own Vigil Mass. On these days, the Gloria and the Credo are recited.Sundays and holidays on duty(which in the United States is Solemnity of Our Lady, Ascension, Ascension, All Saints' Day, Immaculate Conception, and Christmas) are always considered Solemnities. Other examples of commemorations are the Solemnity of Saint Joseph (19 March), the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Friday after Corpus Christi) and the Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul (29 June).

Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (4)

Liturgical Year - Feasts of the Guardian, Solemnities and Festivals (5)Partiesthey are of secondary importance in our liturgical calendar and are celebrated on a specific day. At these feasts, there is no First Vespers or Vigil Mass the night before. An exception is the Feasts of the Lord, which take place on Sundays in the annual cycle and on Sundays at Christmas time. For example, the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord (February 2) has its own First Vespers. Today the Gloria is said, but not the Creed.

(Video) Liturgical Calendar of the Catholic Church - Fr. James

Next in line aremonumentswhich are classified as mandatory or optional. Monuments commemorate one or more saints. Mandatory monuments must be observed, while optional monuments must not be observed. For example, the commemoration of San Juan Bosco (January 31st) is mandatory, while the commemoration of San Blas (February 3rd) is optional. Only commemorations of saints of "general importance" are observed throughout the Church and marked in the general liturgical calendar.

Individual churches, countries or religious communities may also commemorate other saints of "special importance" according to their special devotion. For example, the monument is elevated to a "feast" in honor of the patron saint of a diocese.

The celebration of commemorations is also based on liturgical time. For example, obligatory commemorations that occur during Lent are only celebrated as optional commemorations. During the “privileged seasons” (17th to 31st December and Lent), the prayer of the saint can replace the regular meeting (opening prayer) of the Mass. , and in the cycle the priest may offer the Mass of the saint, or the Mass of any saint in the Roman Martyrology, or a Mass for "various occasions" (for example, Masses for the propagation of the Gospel or for religious vocations), or a Mass votive (for example, the Missa de São José or the Missa dos Anjos). Even on Saturdays, when there is no obligatory commemoration, it is more opportune to celebrate the Mass of the Blessed Virgin.

For detailed ranking information, seeGeneral norms for the liturgical yearit's atNew General Roman Calendar issued by Pope Paul VI. in 1969🇧🇷 However, as a general rule, Sundays, other holidays, Holy Week and the Octave of Easter always have priority. Then come the feasts, the weeks of Advent (from December 17th to the 24th), the days within the octave of Christmas, the weeks of fasting, the obligatory warnings, the optional warnings, the weeks of Advent (until December 16th), other business days of the Christmas period, other business days of the Easter season and business days of the annual cycle.

If reading this sequence seems somewhat confusing, perhaps that is why the Episcopal Commission for the Liturgy of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops publishes an annual reportordodescribing the current celebrations and their particularities throughout the liturgical year".

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