Essay on the Indian Model of Secularism (2023)

According to the definition "secularism"As stated in the 42nd Amendment, this is nothing other than fair and equal treatment of all religions in our country." The Preamble of our Constitution hereby declares our nation a secular country on the basis of equality with all religions .


Secularization of Indian Society

In the Indian context, secularization can be broadly understood as religion on the one hand and other aspects of society on the other. These other aspects include social, economic, political, cultural, legal factors, etc. Worldly beliefs have indeed transcended personal beliefs and have become a pawn for one's well-being.

Our reservation system makes special provisions for minorities and backward castes so that religion is not used solely for personal reasons. In India, too, religious practices and values ​​are paramount.

India is a country of many religions. Sometimes religious feelings are hurt by a group speaking out publicly against that religion, leading to tension and violence in the community. Everyone has the constitutionally guaranteed freedom to practice the religion of their choice.

Therefore, the Constitution does not consider any religion to be superior to any other. All religions are equal before the law.

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Religious rites and rituals are performed according to the norms of each religion. Without interfering with the norms of the respective religion. It is necessary not to interfere in religion.

Secularization of groups and communities

We are proud to call our country a progressive country because we are tolerant of different religious practices and respect individual beliefs.

From fame to religion we are now moving to a more secular approach. People from different groups and communities are now better educated in our country and there is a greater awareness of modernization.

But modern beliefs between groups and different communities have no particular relation to religious beliefs and secularism. So we see that many Hindu temples have become more open in their approach and have opened their doors to all groups of people.

But when it comes to bringing people of different faiths together, laws are enforced. Restrictions have been imposed. So modernism has nothing to do with secularism.

This also implies that there can be a secular sentiment between different groups and communities of one religion, but not necessarily coexisting values ​​with different religions. The idea of ​​secularism is therefore a contentious issue at the national level. A citizen's pride in nationalism should certainly prevail over his or her personal religious beliefs and values.

Only then can our country become a fully secular nation. In order to achieve a higher level of freedom between different religions and religious beliefs, political interference aimed at dividing religion based on the ideologies of different groups must first be curbed.

Religion and Politics in India

Religion has become an integral part of Indian life. For the common man, the way he lives, the lifestyle he chooses, the clothes he wears, the food he likes to eat most, the places he visits or stays, etc. all have at least one certain religious beliefs. That's exactly what the politicians say in the elections.

If a certain region is dominated by a certain group of people belonging to a certain religion, then in the elections for that region there will only be one candidate belonging to that religion. For example, if there is a region in a certain part of our country that is dominated by Hindus and Brahmins, it is very common for a Brahmin candidate from that constituency to run in the elections.

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For us, religion and politics are like needle and thread. Political leaders exploit people's religious feelings for their own selfish gain.

Among our country's leaders, Nehru and Gandhiji championed the secular establishment in our country. India has long had a political advantage based on religion, caste, religion and common interests. These leaders attempted to establish a sense of brotherhood between different religions, but were not entirely successful.

We can see how great politicians exploit religious sites to attract personal attention and violently absorb people's religious attitudes and differentiation. Human faith is dwindling as our religious beliefs become politicized.

Triple Talaq

This is a practice in the Islamic faith whereby a man can divorce his wife by shouting "talaq" three times. Muslim communities follow this system of divorce. Under the Modi government, legislation was passed amending the relevant laws, and the abolition of Triple Talaq received both positive and negative feedback from the community.

acceptedTriple Talaqis on site and it remains to be seen when it will become a reality. Under Triple Talaq, only men can use the system to divorce their wives by pronouncing "talaq" three times. On the other hand, a woman who wants to divorce her husband must fight a lawsuit in court to bring about a separation.

This system, which is followed in the Muslim faith in accordance with Islamic beliefs and laws, challenges the fundamental rights and dignity of Muslim women. Muslim women always live in fear that their husbands will divorce them without any legitimate or valid reason. In other countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh, this system is completely banned.

This leads to great injustice and discrimination against women, which is illegal in the United StatesIndian constitution. Women's interests must be protected by law and religion must not become an obstacle to achieving equality and justice for women. For example, in our country secularism is avoided for many reasons due to intolerance and false beliefs within a particular religion.

General Civil Code

The issue of a unified civil code has come under the spotlight recently as many women belonging to the Muslim community support the ban on the triple talaq. They knock on the door of justice in search of their empowerment and liberation in society.

This scenario indirectly led to a transformation and called for the creation of a unified civil code in the country. The Unified Civil Code creates uniform laws for all citizens of this country and eliminates and prohibits personal laws made by different religions for their own individual practice.

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A common set of rules for every citizen, regardless of religion/caste/religion/community, is the basis of a uniform civil code.

Universal access to the Civil Code is also listed in our Constitution as a guiding principle of state policy, but its implementation has yet to be legally finalized and approved. India is the largest democracy in the world. A secular state with common civil laws above individual religious and personal laws should be the first and foremost goal of any progressive developing republic.

This in turn ensures the equality of all citizens and upholds the national integrity of our nation. It creates a higher sense of secularism, tolerance of all religions, and most importantly, a dignified sense of nationalism among citizens. It contributes to gender equality, prohibits the system of reservation discrimination and supports the dignity of women. It is difficult to put this into practice in our country due to the diversity and mixing of political views at the national level.

Personal Laws of Indian Religions

In India there are different religions such as Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist etc. They have their own personal laws which are consistent with the values ​​contained in their religion. When it comes to marriage/divorce, inheritance, adoption, litigation, etc., these laws are used to solve the problem.

Hindu laws have their own way of validating marriage that differs greatly from the Islamic way. It is also good for other religions.

Personal laws of different religions suppress the sense of secularism and encourage discrimination. The so-called secular state is indeed very persistent in pursuing the revival and reform of age-old personal religious laws. Most of these laws are outdated and have not stood the test of time.

A progressive country like India, which prides itself on secular powers at the top, should ban different personal laws of different religions and introduce a unified civil code. Civil laws, which constitute a common set of rules, should be enacted and implemented in such a way that every citizen thinks more of his nation than his religion.

A rational approach to this issue will help women gain a better position in society. Personal laws impede justice for women and create and strengthen a male-chauvinist society that is no good.

Spirituality and scientific mood

The relationship between spirituality and religious ideologies is completely different. In fact, spirituality has nothing to do with any religion. Spirituality heals the mind, body and spirit regardless of personal religious beliefs and values.

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In India there is a progressive sect of the younger generation that today is rebelling against all sorts of religious restrictions in search of the true meaning of life.

Religion, in different ways, has its own orthodox practices and blind beliefs. What one religion practices can be found in another religion in different ways. Accepting diversity and living in society through the accumulation of these collective differences can lead to a secular society.

Even today, many blind beliefs are practiced in the name of religion and tradition. Some have a scientific explanation, some don't. For example, piercing a child's ear is considered sacred in Hindu tradition. If we explain it scientifically, we can understand that it helps to establish motor balance in babies.

But this belief can appear as unbelief in other religions. If other religions would not interfere in such matters and leave everything as it is, society would become a habitat for better harmony and coexistence.

Our national leaders always advocate a modernized, secular welfare state. This dream would only be possible if we follow the tradition of our religions and still move forward by stoking scientific anger in our minds.

science and mysticism

The entire definition of science is based on thinking. Everything in us and around us happens for a reason. Religion gives due importance to an invisible, inexperienced force called "God." Science does not explain this "mystical" force in terms of "God" but as the case of events taking place in nature.

Nature reveals many mysteries, nature is an abundance where creation and destruction happen side by side. Science has no place in religion. Religion is based on the worship of God. Science believes in natural forces.

We must understand that in the universe there is only one Creator who creates and destroys, only that we know and worship him in different ways and by different names. So we have so many religions and beliefs, but the ultimate goal of all religions is the same.


Religions should instill a sense of unity between different groups of people. We have different religions in the world because different groups of people hold different values, beliefs and ideologies.

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They should be secular and tolerant of other religions. The ideals of brotherhood, peace and harmony are the ultimate goals of any religion. If we understand this fundamental basis of secularism, we can truly become a developed country in the coming days.


What is Indian secularism short answers? ›

Secularism in India mean the separation of religion from state. Religious laws in personal domain, for Muslim Indians; and currently, in some situations such as religious indoctrination schools the state partially finances certain religious schools.

What is the secularism model of India? ›

Indian secularism deals not only with religious freedom of individuals but also with religious freedom of minority communities. Within it, an individual has the right to profess the religion of his or her choice.

What is the paragraph of Indian secularism? ›

India secularism supports the fair and equal treatment of all religions and treats them all as one under the law. But the Indian government has not correctly been separated from religions. While making sure also that no religion has a special favor in a way unfair to the other groups.

What is secularism best answer? ›

Secularism is an ideology that says religion should not be involved with the ordinary social and political activities of a country. It dictates that there is no official religion of the state.

What is Indian secularism 5 points? ›

Equal respect and recognition for all religions by the state. No discrimination by the state on the basis of religion. Non-interference in the functioning of any religion by the state. No official religion in India.

What are the main objectives of the Indian secularism? ›

Objectives of Secularism:
  • One religious group does not dominate another.
  • Some members dont dominate other members of the same religious community.
  • The state does not enforce any specific religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.

What is the importance of Secularism in Indian society? ›

The concept of Secularism in Indian politics implies a full separation between religion (the church) and the state (the politics). India reflects a positive vision of Secularism as the Constitution provides equal respect and protects all religions.

Why is Secularism important? ›

There are many principles that are associated with all forms of political secularism. It typically promotes legal equality between people of different religions, opposing a legal hierarchy on the basis of religious belief or lack of religious belief.

Why is Secularism important in India one word answer? ›

Secularism is important for India because it regulates the relation between the State and various religious groups on the principle of equality that the State shall not discriminate against any religion. Secularism in India means equal treatment of all religions by the state.

What is secularism in your own words? ›

Secularism is a way of life and thinking that rejects religion. So if you're into secularism, you're not into God, going to church, praying, or anything holy. Some people dig religion. Other people don't. And it's those people that live a life of secularism, far removed from anything that has to do with God or church.

What is secularism in simple words? ›

What is Secularism? It means the separation of religion from political, economic, social and cultural aspects of life, religion being treated as a purely personal matter.

What is secularism in simple terms? ›

secularism. noun. sec·​u·​lar·​ism ˈsek-yə-lə-ˌriz-əm. : the belief that religion and religious considerations should be ignored.

How is the Indian model of secularism different from that in the USA Class 8? ›

Religion is strictly separated from the state in case of American Secularism. On the other hand, religious affairs can be intervened by the state in case of Indian Secularism. This is the most significant difference between the Indian Secularism and the Secularism of other democratic countries.

What are the disadvantages of secularism in India? ›

The disadvantages of the Secularism are:

They promote any one religion over another, this gives rise to communalism. 2. As the State does not interfere into the religious norms, different religion proposes their own law. Example: The Muslim Board follows their personal law.

What does the term secular mean in the Indian context? ›

Solution: The word 'secular' was added to the preamble of the Indian constitution in the year 1976 by the 42nd amendment act. It means that the citizens have complete freedom to follow and practice any religion. Unlike countries like the United Kingdom and Pakistan, India does not have any official religion.

What does Indian secularism guarantee its citizens? ›

Indian secularism guarantees the freedom of religion to its citizens. It allows individuals to practice, profess, and propagate their religion without any interference from the state. Indian secularism promotes the separation of religion and state.

In what ways Indian secularism is different from that of other countries? ›

While Western secularism focuses only on Church-state separation, the minorities often face issues that the state can't handle right away. This is different in terms of Indian secularism. Indian secularism allows religions and beliefs to coexist peacefully without interfering in their affairs.

What are the main elements of secularism? ›

Secularism means separation of religion from political, economic, social and cultural aspects of life, religion being treated as a purely personal matter. It emphasized dissociation of the state from religion and full freedom to all religions and tolerance of all religions.

What is Secularism in simple words? ›

What is Secularism? It means the separation of religion from political, economic, social and cultural aspects of life, religion being treated as a purely personal matter.

What is Secularism in simple terms? ›

secularism. noun. sec·​u·​lar·​ism ˈsek-yə-lə-ˌriz-əm. : the belief that religion and religious considerations should be ignored.

Is India a secular state short answer? ›

India is called a secular state because it does not have any state religion and people are free to practice any religion of their choice.

Why is India a secular country answer? ›

There is no official religion for the Indian state. Our Constitution does not give a special status to any religion. The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.


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